Generally, when we hear the professional term "fastener", we are confused. What is a fastener? To put it bluntly, screws and nuts are all fasteners that can connect two parts together. The parts together, we can all be collectively referred to as fasteners.
Fasteners are widely used in our industrial production and life. Fasteners can be seen in airplanes, aircraft carriers, as small as watches and mobile phones. It can be said that it is considered to be the greatest invention in the world. , known as "the rice of industry". Not only mechanical parts but looking around us, fasteners can be seen almost everywhere. If you count them, you should be able to find no less than a few square meters in the office or bathroom at home. Ten fasteners.
Zhejiang's fastener industry is mainly concentrated in Ningbo, Haiyan, and Wenzhou, which can be said to have formed a situation of "three kingdoms".
On April 9, after 2011 and 2016, Ningbo was re-evaluated by China Machinery General Parts Industry Association and won the title of "China Fastener Capital".
Why Ningbo is called "China Fastener Capital", today we will take a look at the past and present development of Ningbo fasteners. Ningbo is the main fastener export base in my country. At present, Ningbo has more than 250 fastener manufacturing enterprises, including 160 enterprises above designated size, employing about 15,000 people. In 2020, the city's production scale will be about 23 billion, about It accounts for 20% of the total production of fasteners in the country.
The fastener enterprises in Ningbo are mainly distributed in Zhenhai District, Beilun District, Yinzhou District, Yuyao City and other places, especially Jiulonghu Town in Zhenhai District, which is a typical block economy, and the fastener industry accounts for almost half of the country.
The initial development of the fastener industry in Zhenhai District, Ningbo was generally in the "three ones" era of small family workshops with only one room, one old machine tool and one lathe. They mainly processed for some larger state-owned enterprises. Some common standard parts, over time, some business owners have completed the initial primitive accumulation, they are no longer satisfied with processing common standard parts for other companies, but also want to have their own brands, so they began to expand the scale of the company, build factories, buy equipment, and recruit workers.
At that time, ordinary engineers and technicians and university graduates were reluctant to work in private enterprises. In order to solve the problem of insufficient technical strength of enterprises, private entrepreneurs waved to engineers and technicians of some state-owned enterprises and hired some "Sunday Engineers". "Go to my own company as a technical consultant to provide technical assistance. These "Sunday Engineers" "spit" out some of the technology in their minds to the private enterprises that apply for jobs, and receive a little extra remuneration from them.
Since the 1950s, Ningbo fastener industry has begun to form mass production. In the process of development, it has never been smooth sailing. At the beginning of development, due to the high energy consumption and the increasingly serious environmental pollution problems, the fastener industry was once stopped. Under the mandatory environmental protection rectification measures, business owners withdraw huge sums of money to introduce foreign high-end equipment, develop towards automation, reduce environmental pollution, adhere to technology-led industrial upgrading, and maintain a harmonious clean production environment.
While strengthening hardware transformation, Ningbo fastener industry also pays attention to the improvement of "soft power". Through cooperation with domestic universities and research institutions, it is committed to large-span steel structure workshops, high-rise buildings, bridges, subways, and high-speed trains. And the research and development of high-end fastener products such as maglev trains to enhance the competitiveness of the industry and the added value of products.
Weather, geography and people are indispensable. Under the premise of weather and people, the development of Ningbo fasteners is inseparable from its own regional development advantages. Ningbo is located in the economic development zone of the Yangtze River Delta, which is an economic It is an important city in the district, with strong urban economic activities, complete supporting facilities, and high government efficiency. Ningbo is located on the coast of the East China Sea and has its own port, airport, railway and high-speed company.
Nowadays, the development of fastener industry in Ningbo has reached a considerable height, and the fastener products are of high quality, complete varieties and high grades. And it is constantly changing from a block economy to an industrial cluster; from manual operation to automated operation; from OEM production to independent brand creation; enterprises focus on energy conservation and emission reduction, and production is more low-carbon and environmentally friendly.
Recently, Dong Mingzhu said at the Boao Forum for Asia, "We can't forget about manufacturing. Don't say that there is an Internet now and it seems that it is better than manufacturing. Especially those from the manufacturing industry must remember that manufacturing is the foundation." Fastening As our traditional manufacturing industry, with the continuous development of my country's industry, the demand for high-end fasteners is growing, and the future development of fasteners must be towards the trend of high-end fasteners.